In the course of the war, millions of Soviet civilians were deported to Germany
as workers. Immediately after the invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22,
1941, the Wehrmacht began rounding up workers for the construction of
streets, railways, and field fortifications in its area of operations. When
the blitzkrieg failed in the winter of 1941/42 and German industry had to
readjust, a severe lack of workers within the borders of the Reich also became
apparent. In March 1942, Hitler appointed the NSDAP Gauleiter ...